Europe is the western peninsula of the giant "supercontinent" of Eurasia. Licensing Information; Preface; Chapter 1: Introduction to the World A biome is a community of animals and plants spreading over an extensive area with a relatively uniform climate. Europe has a long history of human development and is considered the birthplace of Western Civilization. The Central Uplands are lower in altitude and less rugged than the Alpine region and are heavily wooded. Asia is the largest of the world’s continents, covering approximately 30 percent of the Earth’s land area. The Alps stretch from southeastern Spain to the Balkans, and include Mont Blanc, the highest point in western Europe. As you can imagine, the European way of life involves using these bodies of water for both business and pleasure. Examples of terrestrial ecosystems include the tundra, taigas, temperate deciduous forests, tropical rainforests, grasslands, and deserts. Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined subregion of Europe, overlapping Northern and Western Europe. Western Europe can be divided into a number of smaller geographic regions, including northern Europe, southern Europe, Central Europe, and the British Isles. However, most geographers … Each represents a different physical part of … person who works to preserve natural habitats. The Apennines are a mountain range extending from northern to southern Italy for approximately 600 miles (1,000 kilometers). Author of The Boundaries of the Canadian Confederation and others. AN OVERVIEW OF THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICA . The map represented a huge leap forward in knowledge, recognizing the newly found American landmass and forever changing the European understanding of a world divided into only three parts—Europe, Asia, and Africa. Europe has been the home to a variety of civilizations including Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. If we compare Europe’s position on a globe with that of the contiguous United States, we see that much of Europe lies north of the United States. Students are introduced to the physical geography of Europe and delineate major drainage basins in Europe. Gobinder Gobinder Answer: The north west high lands are the northern third of scotland which is separated from the Grampians mountains. A physical boundary is a naturally occurring barrier between two or more areas. v. 1.0. About a quarter of marine mammals are threatened.Today, around 15 percent of Europes animal species are threatened or endangered, mainly by habitat loss, pollution, overexploitation, and competition from invasive species. In geography, boundaries separate different regions of Earth. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. type of animal (an arthropod) with a hard shell and segmented body that usually lives in the water. Environmental and economic factors affect population density, distribution and structure. The countries in Northern and Western Europe are representative democracies and according to the Freedom in the World report published by Freedom House in 2017, all of them are among the top 30 countries in terms of political rights and civil liberties; Finland, Norway, and Sweden scoring the highest all around the world. Western UplandsThe Western Uplands, also known as the Northern Highlands, curve up the western edge of Europe and define the physical landscape of Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, and Denmark), Finland, Iceland, Scotland, Ireland, the Brittany region of France, Spain, and Portugal. Also called industrial agriculture. tiny marine animal that thrives in deep, cold water. Browse ... Senior Professor of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London. thick layer of glacial ice that covers a large area of land. Europes northernmost point is the Svalbard archipelago of Norway, and it reaches as far south as the islands of Greece and Malta. Part A: The four physiographic regions of Europe are the European Lowlands, Alpine System, Central Uplands, Western Highlands. 2. It was fought by the British 21st Army Group. 1. It is home to many navigable rivers, including the Rhine, Weser, Elbe, Oder, and Vistula. Western European climates tend to be noticeably milder than their latitudinal equivalents in North America because? Units of the First Canadian Army fought in five major campaigns in North-West Europe, including the Battle of Normandy, the battles for the Channel Ports, the Battle of the Scheldt, the Rhineland fighting in February and March 1945, and the final operations east of the River Rhine. Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined subregion of Europe, overlapping Northern and Western Europe. What are the Apennines? Coordinates: 57°30′N 5°0′W / 57.500°N 5.000°W / 57.500; -5.000 The Northwest Highlands are located in the northern third of Scotland that is separated from the Grampian Mountains by the Great Glen. The north west high lands are the northern third of scotland which is separated from the Grampians mountains tramwayniceix and 15 more users found this answer helpful 2.9 (8 votes) Tim Gunther, Illustrator, Jeannie Evers, Emdash Editing Both peaceful intermingling and violent invasions of newcomers have resulted in a greater diversity in the genetics of the population, compared with neighboring regions. Its westernmost country is Iceland, which is located on the Mid-Atlantic ridge west of the Norwegian Sea. However, in geography, West Asia refers to the regions of Mesopotamia, Levant, Anatolia, the Armenian Highlands, Iran, Arabian Peninsula, South Caucasus, and the Sinai Peninsula. National Geographic Headquarters The Western Uplands, also known as the Northern Highlands, curve up the western edge of Europe and define the physical landscape of Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, and Denmark), Finland, Iceland, Scotland, Ireland, the Brittany region of France, Spain, and Portugal. 1. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Search through these resources to discover more about unique landforms and landscapes around the world. The area is dominate mostly by Evangelical Lutheran Christianity. cold, treeless region in Arctic and Antarctic climates. It is a fold mountain with rich in mineral resources. 1145 17th Street NW This plain is ringed almost completely by coastal … As it turns out, to really get a good understand of the full meaning of our ethnicity results, we have to do a little exploration of geography and history. The region comprises Wester Ross, Assynt, Sutherland and part of Caithness. Code of Ethics. 4. able to be continued at the same rate for a long period of time. The Equator, or line of 0 degrees latitude, divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. New questions in Geography. Describe the major features of north -western highlands of Europe in geography 1 See answer kamaljeetsingh923 is waiting for your help. Alps. evergreen forest in cool, northern latitudes. Frequent minimum definition of Northwestern Europe. Flora & FaunaMuch like its physical regions, Europes plant and animal communities follow a general north-south orientation. The differences in climate, terrain, and natural resources provide for a diversity of economic activities that influence cultural development within the European community. The climate supports a wide variety of seasonal crops. Europe's most significant geological feature is the dichotomy between the highlands and mountains of Southern Europe and a vast, partially underwater, northern plain ranging from Great Britain in the west to the Ural Mountains in the east. available supply of materials, goods, or services. [26], Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northwestern_Europe&oldid=1000179768, Europe articles missing geocoordinate data, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 00:06. The North European Plains. This division of Africa into almost two equal parts (lengthwise) across the equator makes the climatic and physical conditions in the north repeat themselves in the south. The geographic regions of the world can be divided into ten regions: Africa, Asia, Central America, Eastern Europe, European Union, Middle East, North America, Oceania, South America, and the Caribbean. Touching 9 countries over its 1,771-mile length, the Danube River links Europeans to the Black Sea. The Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats border the Deccan plateau on its eastern and western sides respectively. Also called boreal forest. Europe is a northern continent. It is bordered by the Adriatic Sea on the east coast, the Tyrrhenian Sea on the west or Mediterranean coast, and the Ionian Sea to the south.In the north, Italy is bordered by the countries of France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia. 1. Central Africa’s most famous national park, Virunga National Park in Congo (Kinshasa), is home to elephants, lions, hippopotamuses, warthogs, forest hogs, okapis, and mountain gorillas on the volcano slopes. all weather conditions for a given location over a period of time. Population Data Bureau 2007. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. The Western Uplands is defined by hard, ancient rock that was shaped by glaciation. All the British Isles, for example, fall above the fiftieth parallel. (1989, 1993). Moose, bear, and elk are native to the European taiga.Just south of the taiga is a mixture of coniferous and deciduous trees, including beech, ash, poplar, and willow. an animal that lives most of its life in the ocean but breathes air and gives birth to live young, such as whales and seals. The Deccan Plateau- a triangular landmass lying on the south of the Narmada River. In Europe, late Triassic-early Jurassic times commenced with a major transgression of the Tethys Sea and the establishment of a broad, open-marine shelf sea that occupied much of southern Germany, the Paris Basin, the Celtic Sea-Western Approaches region, the Irish Sea, the southern and central North Sea, Denmark and northern Germany. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. Some diverse biomes represented in North America include desert, grassland, tundra, and coral reefs. The Gulf Stream originates in the Gulf of Mexico, where the waters are warmed. Due to its location and geography, Western Europe has seen many successive waves of immigrants throughout its history. Guatemala is a country located in Central America. Europe encompasses about four million square miles, making it the second smallest continent with regard to surface area. The most spectacular portion is the North Central massifs; these form the roof of Ethiopia, with elevations… Africa straddles the equator, having an almost equal south and north extent. The world population is growing rapidly. system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit. type of plant that sheds its leaves once a year. On a map you will see that Europe is a large peninsula stretching to the west of Asia. The cold water surrounding northern Britain and Scandinavia is home to unique species of cold-water corals. d) It has historically functioned as a barrier to contact and communication due to its marshy conditions Ireland, country of western Europe occupying five-sixths of the westernmost major island of the British Isles. Diane Boudreau a group of closely scattered islands in a large body of water. By traveling to different regions around the globe, explorers were able to learn more about areas such as Africa and the Americas and bring that knowledge back to Europe. On the basis of the physical features , this continent can be divided into four majors physical division . modern farming methods that include mechanical, chemical, engineering and technological methods. The North European Plain remains the most densely populated region of Europe.Central UplandsThe Central Uplands extend east-west across central Europe and include western France and Belgium, southern Germany, the Czech Republic, and parts of northern Switzerland and Austria. Other important world mountain ranges include the Pyrenees, Tian Shan, Transantarctic Mountains, Atlas, and the Carpathians. The tundra, found in Iceland and the northern reaches of Scandinavia and Russia, is a treeless region where small mosses, lichens, and ferns grow. the reduction or destruction of an ecosystem, making it less able to support its native species. All of the major bodies of water in Europe have been fished for centuries. Encyclopedic entry. c) It does not include southeastern England. "Exploring Your World: The Adventure of Geography." Appalachian Mountains. The North West Highlands: These highlands in the west are composed of deep valleys, plains, plateaus and rugged mountains. The Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats border the Deccan plateau on its eastern and western sides respectively. having parts or molecules that are packed closely together. Many of Europes fjords are located in Iceland and Scandinavia. The significant difference is the exclusion of most of Egypt, which is often categorized as part of Africa, and the inclusion of the Caucasus region. any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. process of a glacier carving out a landscape. The North- Western Highlands: The highlands of north and north- west from Norway and Sweden in the east and Scotland in the west. 2. Mont Blanc (French –Italian border) Europe The Rhine flows 820 miles from the interior of Europe north to the North Sea. Biology, Ecology, Earth Science, Geology, Geography, Physical Geography. A definition of Northwestern Europe as an inclusive term for those European countries not falling within Southern Europe or Eastern Europe was used by some late 19th to mid 20th century anthropologists, eugenicists, and Nordicists, who used Northwestern Europe as a shorthand term for the region of Europe in which members of the Nordic race were concentrated, in contrast to the Eastern and Southern regions of Europe that contained Mediterranean peoples, Slavs, and other non-Nordic peoples. The type of terrestrial ecosystem found in a particular place is dependent on the temperature range, the average amount of precipitation received, the soil type, and amount of light it receives. The North-western Highlands. conditions that surround and influence an organism or community. There are generally considered to be four hemispheres: Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. Physical boundaries include oceans, cliffs, or valleys. Europe is sometimes described as a peninsula of peninsulas. The state lies close to both the geographic and population centres of the Western Hemisphere, in a position that not only commands one entrance to the Gulf of Mexico but also overlooks a strategic crossroads between North and South America and historic routes to the European and Mediterranean worlds. to harvest aquatic life to the point where species become rare in the area. large region that is higher than the surrounding area and relatively flat. marine algae. a) It contains the mountain ranges of the Alps. Regions are the basic units of geography. With its steep gradients over short distances, rainy highlands, and relatively dry bottoms, the Western Rift Valley region is characterized by sharp vegetation contrasts. Germanic languages are widely spoken in most of Northwestern Europe, although other languages are also present, including Romance languages in Northern France, Wallonia, Luxembourg, and some parts of Switzerland; Celtic languages along the western fringes of the British Isles and in Brittany; and Uralic languages in parts of the Nordic countries. The eastern portion of the country is the most industrialized but Vancouver, British Columbia, a major seaport, and Calgary, Alberta, are some western cities that are highly industrialized as well. The Ural Mountains run north to south in western Russia. Important highlands in this region include the Massif Central and the Vosges in France, the Ardennes of Belgium, the Black Forest and the Taunus in Germany, and the Ore and Sudeten in the Czech Republic. Western Europe is the region of Europe farthest from Asia, with the countries and territories included varying depending on context.. Only after the beginning of the foreign conquests of the Age of Discovery, the autonomous discourse of "Europe" as "the West" began to protractedly detach itself from the unifying narrative of "Christendom", the hitherto dominant identity system in the area, in which was … These are the Western Highlands, the Western Lowlands, the Eastern Highlands, the Eastern Lowlands, and the Rift Valley. The world can be divided into the following geographical regions: 1. [15][16][17] The definition of Northwestern Europe as correlating with Protestant Germanic Europe leads to somewhat the same definition as the geographical one above, but would tend to exclude northern France, Wallonia, Southern Netherlands, much of southern Germany, Austria, and Ireland. Last Updated: ... reflecting the country’s history as ground once contested by two of Europe’s great powers. Europe is the second-smallest continent. The Central Highlands – lying on the north of the Narmada River and covering a large part of the Malwa Plateau. Many other European rivers flow from the interior to the sea and are large enough for ships to traverse. The region includes the mountains of the Alps, Pyrenees, Apennines, Dinaric Alps, Balkans, and Carpathians. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. They are made up of very hard crystalline rocks and were once very lofty and rugged. Encyclopedic entry. These physical features allowed for early communication, travel, and agricultural development. Andrew Turgeon, Mary Crooks, National Geographic Society AN OVERVIEW OF THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICA . Europe is the western peninsula of the giant "supercontinent" of Eurasia. Also called deep-water coral. Of Service | Code of Ethics above the fiftieth parallel | Code of Ethics Europe encompasses about four million miles! 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