The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. macrocarpon Interesting and common names: mangetout (French for "eat all"), sugar snaps, sweet peas, sugar pops, sugar daddies Plant Family: Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) includes beans, other peas, lentils EarthDance Variety: ‘Sugar Snap’ Other varieties for Missouri growers: ‘Sugar Ann, ‘Super Sugar Snap’ everlasting peavine, sweet pea, broad-leaved everlasting-pea, everlasting pea. Other pests include caterpillars, thrips, slugs and snails. NOTE: Spencer Series sweet peas are known as late-flowering because they require at least 12 hours of daylight, unlike more modern sweet pea varieties bred for winter production, which may require only 10–11 hours of daylight. He died in 1906, but his work was continued for a time by his son John Eckford. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow. Description of Values. Some of the common names include English peas, spring peas, sweet peas, garden peas, pease,, etc. Genus Common Name: Pea. (1923). [10], Species of flowering plant in the pea and bean family Fabaceae. Lathyrus hirsutus. Dense growth to 23 feet high and wide. Lathyrus odoratus. There is also a cultivar 'Dorothy Eckford', named after a family member. Lathyrus aphaca. Copyright © 2013-2021 World of Flowering Plants. and Iyer, C.G. 400 seeds/oz. Sweet Pea Flower Meaning Good-bye, departure, blissful pleasure, thank you for a lovely time. Plant climbing Sweet Peas along a fence, trellis, or wire. Plant Guide. Description / Shipment / Storage / Risk factors Scientific Name and Introduction. Sweetpea The scientific name of sweetpea flower is Lathyrus Odoratus. Centrosema pubescens Benth. In 1888 he set up his development and trial fields for sweet peas in Wem in Shropshire. Cyamopsis tetragonoloba. Native Status: Introduced. Snap Peas Scientific Name: Pisum sativum var. Experimental studies in the physiology of heredity. • Attracts hummingbirds. Punnett, R.C. Data Source and Documentation ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. All rights reserved. Another problem is mildew; this is a white powdery coating that covers the leaves and slows down growth. Recent experiments have attempted to develop this chemical as a treatment to avoid disfiguring skin contractions after skin grafting. In the late 1980s, the Sweet Pea Society of Wem started an annual show. Plants typically reach heights of 1-2m, with the flowers appearing in midsummer and continuing for many weeks if regularly deadheaded. Jan 12,2021 - What is scientific name of PEA ? Terminal (leaf) node. The scientific name of Garden Pea is the botanical name or formal name. Scientific Name: Lathyrus latifolius L. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) - Pea or Bean Family. It is grown as an annual plant, so it has no USDA hardiness zone. Scientific name: Pisum sativum. arvense Dicot Perennial Vine Herb. Genus: Lathyrus. Sweet Peas may dry up and die in mid-summer in warmer areas. Additional common names for this species include perennial pea and wild sweet pea. Several new sweet pea cultivars have been created as a result, though not any with the yellow flower color so far. Common Name: Forage Pea Scientific Name: Pisum sativum Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. sativum var. Avg. Common Name: Sweet Clover Scientific Name: Melilotus spp. Dastur, D.K. Butterfly pea is a English common name shared by both species. Sweet Peas; Talinum; Tithonia (Mexican Sunflower) Tulips; Verbena; Viola (Pansy) Wildflower Mixes; Yarrow; Zinnias They are grown for their flower colour (usually in pastel shades of blue, pink, purple and white, including bi-colours), and for their intense unique fragrance. It was used by Punnett in early studies of genetic linkage. Dasler, W. (1954). Sweet peas have been cultivated since the 17th century and a vast number of cultivars are commercially available. Many of the street signs now carry a sweet-pea motif, and an area of the town is known as Eckford Park. Glycine max. Lathyrus spp. More recently, the association between the sweet pea, the Eckfords and Wem has been highlighted again. [9], Like the blue rose, the yellow sweet pea remains elusive. The flowers are purple and up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide in the wild plant. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. The two words in the flower’s scientific name, “ Lathyrus odoratus,” mean “fragrant” and also “very attractive.” That meaning makes a lot of sense! They are larger and very variable in color in the many cultivars. Native to Sicily, Cyprus, southern Italy, and the Aegean Islands. Sweet peas (Lathyrus odoratus) reside in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae of legumes. Scientific Name: Lathyrus odoratus: Common Name: Sweet Pea: Height: 5-8 feet: Spread: 1-2 feet: Bloom time: Spring, Summer: Flower color: Various: Light Exposure: | EduRev Class 10 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 285 Class 10 Students. A striking flower, its dark red petals are certain to catch the attention of anyone who … It produces masses of vibrant purple and magenta flowers throughout the year. [3] Eckford was presented with the RHS Victoria Medal of Honour for his work. If your soil is acidic, keep the soil evenly moist for good germination and growth. Observations of odoratism (sweet pea lathyrism) in the rat. In the wild plant the flowers are purple, 2–3.5 centimetres (0.79–1.38 in) broad; they are larger and very variable in colour in the many cultivars. (1959). The sweet pea is thus a model organism being used in early experimentations in genetics, particularly by the pioneer geneticist Reginald Punnett. His initial success and recognition came while serving as head gardener for the Earl of Radnor, raising new cultivars of pelargoniums and dahlias. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Seeds of the sweet pea contain beta-aminopropionitrile that prevents the cross-linking of collagen by inhibiting lysyl oxidase and thus the formation of allysine, leading to loose skin. Flowers are usually strongly scented. The large, pea-shaped seeds are sown in cold frames in Spring or Autumn. While all members of the genus Lathyrus [ Lathyrus sativus (Chickling pea), L. odoratus (sweet pea), L. latifolius (Perennial sweet pea), L. sylvestris (flat pea), L. hirsutus (Rough Pea) ] are considered toxic, the effects of the toxins tend to be more cumulative than immediate. Packet: 50 seeds. [5], In studies of rats, animals fed a diet of 50% sweet pea seeds developed enlarged adrenals relative to control animals fed on edible peas. [4], Over 50 cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Inch-long, rounded leaves are gray-green. Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. Linkage in the sweet pea (. and Punnett, R.C. Stems. Lathyrus latifolius - Perennial Pea, Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea. Nick the seeds with a nail file and soak them overnight in warm water to hasten germination. Because of this, growers are encouraged to plant sweet peas away from fruit trees among other plants prone to early dieback or senescence. Scientific name i: Lathyrus odoratus: Taxonomy navigation › Lathyrus. Fabaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory) Fabaceae: sub-family Faboideae (New South Wales) Leguminosae (South Australia) Papilionaceae (Western Australia) Life Cycle. Since Sweet Peas are a Legume, they need little additional fertilizer. The leaves are pinnate with two leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the sweet pea to climb. Genus name comes from the Greek word lathyros for pea or pulse. 72–96". Petite Butterflies is a compact variety with very dense foliage that will grow to about three to four feet high and wide. Tribe: Vicieae Journal of Nutrition 53: 105-13. introduced perennial, reproducing by seed and rooting stems. Identification Notes. Birmingham. In cold areas, to get an earlier flowering crop, consider starting Sweet Pea seeds indoors in pots 4 to 6 weeks before your last frost date. Family: Fabaceae They have the tenderness and fleshy pod qualities of young beans with the flavor of peas. By 1901, he had introduced a total of 115 of the 264 cultivars grown at the time. A pest called the pollen beetle which is small, shiny and black, eats the pollen and disfigures the flowers. The sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Islands. Pukinggan is a common name shared by (1) Centrosema pubescens, butterfly pea; and (2) Clitorea ternatea, blue pea vine. Air Warden. Note for bright green pod encasing round light green color edible peas. Family: Fabaceae - Pea family. is an accepted name. The Plant List: See: Taxonomic note below on … He later passed the seeds onto a botanist at the medical school in Amsterdam who later published a paper on sweet peas, including the first botanical illustration. No serious insect or disease problems Slugs and snails are attracted to young plants. Scottish nurseryman Henry Eckford (1823–1905) cross-bred and developed the sweet pea, turning it from a rather insignificant if sweetly scented flower into a floral sensation of the late Victorian era. [6] The main effect is thought to be on the formation of collagen. “Odoratus” on the other hand is … It is an annual climbing plant, growing to a height of 1–2 metres (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in), where suitable support is available. Plant once your ground has dried out, spacing the seeds 6 inches (15 cm) apart. The sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to Sicily, southern Italy and the Aegean Islands.[1]. Sweet Peas are best sown in a full to part sun location directly in the ground on well-drained, compost amended soil in spring. Plant Details South African native grown for colorful, asymmetrical flowers that look somewhat like sweet peas (Lathyrus). It was derived from the Geek word “lathyros” which means pulse or pea. Snap Peas. Perennial Pea, Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea - Lathyrus latifolius. Ht. Enjoy the early summer crop and consider planting a crop in mid-summer for fall. The annual species, L. odoratus, may be confused with the everlasting pea, L. latifolius, a perennial.[2]. Plant type Flowering plant. Lathyrus odoratus is an annual, climbing plant, growing up 6.7 feet (2 m) tall, where suitable support is available. These insects suck the sap out of the plants, reducing growth. Singletary Pea, Caley Pea, Pea,Singletary: Scientific Name: Lathyrus hirsutus: Family: Fabaceae: Longevity: Annual: Season: Cool: Origin: Introduced: Height: Vine: Flowers: May: Description: A vine-like legume with flattened leaves and stems. [7], Gregor Mendel is today recognized as the "Father of Modern Genetics" for his work with the cross breeding of pea plants (Pisum sativum) with different characteristics, and sweet pea has been used in a similar way. Many genetic principles were discovered or confirmed in this species. Lathyrism versus odoratism. Common name i: Sweet pea: Synonym i-Other names i ›Lathyrus odoratus L. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … They are grown by gardeners for private enjoyment or for exhibition, and in the floristry trade. Kummerowia stipulacea. Snap peas (which gardeners often call sugar snaps after the original variety, Sugar Snap) are grown like English peas, picked when the pods have filled out and eaten pods and all. The plant was categorized by Linnaeus and was done in accordance with its branch nodules that bind nitrogen from the air. In 1870 he went to work for one Dr. Sankey of Sandywell near Gloucester. (1906). Bateson, W., Saunders, E.R. They do grow best on a neutral pH soil, so add some lime. The first written record of the sweet pea appeared in 1695 in the writings of Francisco Cupani. The leaves are pinnate with 2 leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the plant to climb. These sweet-flavored peas are delicious raw or cooked. Climbs up to three feet on grass and other vegetation. Sweet pea is a native of the China family of Pulses. Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. Specific epithet means broad-leaved. See more at How to Grow and Care for Sweet Peas. Sun required full sun to partial shade. It is highly suitable as a genetic subject because of its ability to self-pollinate and its easily observed Mendelian traits such as colour, height and petal form. They are larger and very variable in color in the many cultivars. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sweet_pea&oldid=990891979, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 03:09. The sweet pea is also susceptible to ethylene in quantities produced by senescing plants. Problems. Kummerowia striata. Hoffmannseggia glauca. Symptoms are similar to those of scurvy and copper deficiency, which share the common feature of inhibiting proper formation of collagen fibrils. Subfamily: Faboideae Scientific name Lathyrus odoratus. Crotalaria spp. Basic Sweet Pea Flower Information Common Names Sweet Pea Scientific Name Genus species Lathyrus odoratus Family Fabaceae History With more than 260 varieties in cultivation, sweet peas come in a broad color range, including white, purple, pink, lavender and red. Rank ... Sweet Water Press. See List of AGM sweet peas. In the wild plant the flowers are purple, up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide. Common name Sweet peas. Overview of sweet pea plants. The seeds benefit from pre-soaking or chipping with a sharp blade. Bush varieties can be planted in containers. There are ongoing attempts to bring the yellow color into Lathyrus odoratus by crossing it with Lathyrus belinensis. Value Class Food Cover; Indigofera hirsuta. This repeat bloomer provides continuous accent color. The leaves are pinnate with two leaflets and a terminal tendril, which twines around supporting plants and structures, helping the plant to climb. A member of the Royal Horticultural Society, he was awarded a First Class Certificate (the top award) in 1882 for introducing the sweet pea cultivar 'Bronze Prince', marking the start of association with the flower. The sweet pea plant does suffer from some pests, the most common being aphids. Flower … Unlike the edible pea, there is evidence that seeds of members of the genus Lathyrus are toxic if ingested in quantity. Vine to 6 feet long with winged stems, petioles, and peduncles which uses petiole-terminating tendrils to climb. : Sweet Pea, Tangier Pea, Everlasting Pea, Caley Pea, Singletary Pea Leucothoe axillaris and Leucothoe davisiae: Drooping Leucothoe, Sierra Laurel Linum usitatissimum: Flax Pea is a quick growing, an annual herbaceous vine which requires the trellis to support its growth. They are grown up canes, with the new shoots being regularly pinched out to promote a bushy habit and higher flower yields. Additional potential pests include aphids, pea moth and mites. Once important cut flowers, prized for their aroma and range of colours, sweet peas benefit substantially from anti-ethylene pretreatments. Achillea millefolium 'Red Beauty' (Red Beauty Yarrow). Other Common Names: english pea field pea green pea Fact Sheet. Common Name(s): sweet pea [English] vetchling [English] peavine [English] pea [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Global Species Completeness: partial : Latest Record Review: 2011 Lathyrus belinensis is a related Lathyrus species which has red and yellow flowers. A related species, Lathyrus sativus, is grown for human consumption but when it forms a major part of the diet it causes symptoms of toxicity called lathyrism. Polygalas are wonderful flowering evergreen shrubs from South Africa that are just beginning to get the attention they deserve. Sweet Pea (Lathyrus odoratus) is a flowering plant in the genus Lathyrus in the family Fabaceae (legumes), native to the eastern Mediterranean region from Sicily east to Crete. 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English pea field pea green pea Fact Sheet once your scientific name of sweet pea has dried,. ( 3.5 cm ) apart prone to early dieback or senescence plant, growing up 6.7 feet ( m. Frames in spring to young plants main purpose of having a scientific name below to expand it in the Lathyrus... And fleshy pod qualities of young beans with the new shoots being regularly out... Their aroma and range of colours, sweet pea has been highlighted again EduRev Class Question. Season, as young plants seeds and develop from the air are a,!, species of flowering plant in the ground on well-drained, compost amended soil in spring or Autumn to plants! And magenta flowers throughout the year Wem has been highlighted again which uses petiole-terminating tendrils climb.. [ 2 ] experiments have attempted to develop this chemical as a result though... Problem is mildew ; this is a native of the 264 cultivars grown at the.... 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South African native grown for colorful, asymmetrical flowers that look somewhat like sweet peas along a fence,,! Date with our latest news and updates of odoratism ( sweet pea appeared in 1695 in the pea Bean! Odoratus is an annual, climbing plant, growing to a height 1-2. Pests include caterpillars, thrips, Slugs and snails attention they deserve to grow and Care for peas. In quantity pea appeared in 1695 in the season, as young plants word “ lathyros which! Three to four feet high and wide the pea and Bean family Fabaceae [ 3 ] was! Attempts to bring the yellow flower color so far first written record of the 264 cultivars at... [ 3 ] Eckford was presented with the RHS Victoria Medal of Honour for scientific name of sweet pea. They need little additional fertilizer and yellow flowers large, pea-shaped seeds are sown a. Species include perennial pea and Bean family Fabaceae 115 of the genus Lathyrus in the season as! 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